If you want to build muscle and achieve your fitness goals, downing the right fuel after a workout is nearly as important as the exercise itself. Your post-workout nutrition promotes quicker recovery, reduces muscle soreness, builds muscle, improves immune system functioning, and replenishes glycogen — all key building blocks in priming you for future workouts.
You don’t have to consume the nutrients you need immediately after a workout to reap muscle-building, strength-priming benefits. But most people find that eating a protein bar or drinking a protein shake before (or even during) a workout can lead to digestive issues.
And it’s also true that you shouldn’t exclusively be turning to protein bars or shakes in order to best help your body recover from a hard workout. Just like good overall nutrition, you should strive for a variety of foods—each of which carries its own unique lineup of good-for-you-nutrients.
Tart cherry juice:
Many studies have demonstrated that tart cherry juice can help with recovery after an intense exercise sesh, but it’s not just limited to weight training: one recent study found that tart cherry juice improved various aspects of exercise performance in cyclists.
As an added bonus, tart cherry juice also lowered their systolic blood pressure 90 minutes after exercise compared to the placebo. And heck, there’s even data suggesting it may help with sleep.
Eating whole eggs can help you get ripped. In a study, researchers asked men who regularly lifted to eat either three whole eggs or a mixture of egg whites containing 18 grams of protein, after exercise. Then they measured their rates of protein synthesis or the driving force behind your muscle gains.
Even though they contained the same amounts of protein, the muscle-building response from whole eggs was about 40 percent greater compared to egg whites alone. The study authors theorize the nutrients found in the yolk—like healthy fats, vitamins, and minerals like phosphorus and iron—allow your worn muscles to use the high-quality protein in the whites more efficiently.
As little as 9 grams of dairy may be enough to kick-start the muscle-building process, according to research. For the study, men chugged either a milk-based drink with 9 grams of protein or a carbohydrate-only beverage equal in calories after a lower body strength training session.
While the carb-only placebo did little to bolster the muscle-building process post-workout, the 9 grams of dairy protein sufficiently ramped things up. In response to loading muscles with training stress, the mTOR protein in our muscles is activated, which is a key to stimulating protein synthesis. And mTOR is highly sensitive to the amino acids found in dairy.
Go for a 1/2-cup serving of ricotta, which offers about 14 grams of milk protein. It’s also a good source of whey protein, meaning it’s high in the essential amino acid leucine, which is especially effective at signaling mTOR to spark new muscle growth, says Sumbal.
Related article: 3 Drinks You Should Include In Your Diet To Help Weight Loss
Research shows that higher intakes of the omega-3 fatty acids found in certain fish — like salmon, sardines and mackerel — may translate into lower levels of delayed onset muscle soreness after resistance exercise. It’s possible that omega-3s work their way into your muscle cells, where they help reduce the exercise-induced damage that causes painful inflammation.
More reason to go fish for your post-workout fuel: Research shows that omega-3 fats can fire up pathways in your body that increase muscle protein synthesis.
Over the past several years, Greek yogurt has gained all the attention while poor cottage cheese has fallen by the wayside. While both are great, cottage cheese actually has more protein gram for gram, as well as just under 3 grams of leucine per 1 cup. This amount has been shown to help with building and/or maintaining muscle.
Make it simple – Good Culture single-serve Cottage Cheese (plain or flavored) is a great on-the-go option.
Related article: Learn How To Eat Smart With Fiber, Carbs & Protein In Your Diet
Sorry, keto fans. When it comes to post-workout recovery, carbs are indeed your friend. Consuming carb-rich foods like potatoes, grains, and fruit can help lessen the drop in your immune system that may occur after intense exercise.
But don’t worry, your six-pack won’t take too much of a hit. The carbs you eat after training are more likely to be used as energy than stored as fat.
A study found that men who drank yerba mate tea (200 mL three times daily) were able to recover from eccentric exercise much faster than when they sipped only water. It might come down to compounds like phenol antioxidants, which are naturally found in the leaves of the Ilex paraguariensis shrub where mate comes from.
Since yerba mate also contains some naturally occurring stimulants, drinking it before a workout may help boost your energy, too. Heat a liter of water to just under a boil. Place in a jug along with 4 yerba mate tea bags or 1 tablespoon loose leaf mate. Let steep in the fridge for at least 4 hours and then stir in the juice of 1 lemon. Chug back a cupful after hitting the weight room.
Bread certainly gets a bad rap these days, but carbs help fuel working muscles (not to mention your brain). Quality carbs like those found in whole-grain bread go a long way in helping to replenish your muscles.
Don’t overthink it. A basic sandwich can go a long way. Try an egg salad sandwich. It’s rich in whole grains, fiber, and protein, and contains no artificial ingredients, artificial preservatives, or fillers.
This powerful little grain is a great addition to any diet, but it’s especially ideal for those following a gluten-free, vegan or vegetarian diet who are looking to increase their protein and fiber intake — it’s loaded with both.
Enjoy as a side dish or as part of your main course.